E-ISSN 2577-5669
 

Research Article 


Effectiveness of Maraqba in improving depression and reducing sympathetic tone in depressed females; A Quasi experimental study

Mehreen Azeemi, Zaeema Ahmer, Meha Fatima Aftab.

Abstract
Aim: Depression is an increasing mental health concern of the contemporary world. Whilst there are many factors associated with depression, one of the key factor is impairment of physiological responses in chronic depression. In this study, we have explored effectiveness of a community based spiritual intervention known as Maraqba in improving depression and physiological reponses in depressed females.
Methods: 40 females were receruited from district Sanghar during September 2018 to September 2019. Selection was based on a score of higher than 16 on CESD scale. Physiological parameteres incluidng serum cortisol, systolic and diastolic blood pressure were measured at two time points, that are: before and after 20 minutes of maraqba. CESD scores were again reported after 120 days of consistent maraqba practice for 20 minutes a day. Data was formulated on SPSS and analyzed during September 2019 to May 2020.
Results: There was significant reduction in serum cortisol levels (165.8 ± 89.47 nmol/L, p < 0.01), systolic (108.75 ± 15.4mmHg, p < 0.01) and diastolic blood pressure (73.75 ± 10.54mmHg, p < 0.01) after Maraqba. Continuous Maraqba for 120 days also significantly reduced CESD scores of participants (9.72 ±5.85, p < 0.01).
Conclusion: Spiritual intervention like Maraqba lowers sympathetic tone as indicated by reduced cortisol, systolic and diastolic pressure after therapy. It is recommended that incorporating Maraqba for both therapeutic and community based interventions for depression can improve therapeutic outcomes.

Key words: Spirituality, depression, maraqba, cortisol, blood pressure.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Mehreen Azeemi, Zaeema Ahmer, Meha Fatima Aftab. Effectiveness of Maraqba in improving depression and reducing sympathetic tone in depressed females; A Quasi experimental study. J Complement Med Res. Online First: 26 Dec, 2020.


Web Style

Mehreen Azeemi, Zaeema Ahmer, Meha Fatima Aftab. Effectiveness of Maraqba in improving depression and reducing sympathetic tone in depressed females; A Quasi experimental study. https://www.jocmr.com/?mno=35917 [Access: April 25, 2022].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Mehreen Azeemi, Zaeema Ahmer, Meha Fatima Aftab. Effectiveness of Maraqba in improving depression and reducing sympathetic tone in depressed females; A Quasi experimental study. J Complement Med Res. Online First: 26 Dec, 2020.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Mehreen Azeemi, Zaeema Ahmer, Meha Fatima Aftab. Effectiveness of Maraqba in improving depression and reducing sympathetic tone in depressed females; A Quasi experimental study. J Complement Med Res, [cited April 25, 2022]; Online First: 26 Dec, 2020.



Harvard Style

Mehreen Azeemi, Zaeema Ahmer, Meha Fatima Aftab (0) Effectiveness of Maraqba in improving depression and reducing sympathetic tone in depressed females; A Quasi experimental study. J Complement Med Res, Online First: 26 Dec, 2020.



Turabian Style

Mehreen Azeemi, Zaeema Ahmer, Meha Fatima Aftab. 0. Effectiveness of Maraqba in improving depression and reducing sympathetic tone in depressed females; A Quasi experimental study. Journal of Complementary Medicine Research, Online First: 26 Dec, 2020.



Chicago Style

Mehreen Azeemi, Zaeema Ahmer, Meha Fatima Aftab. "Effectiveness of Maraqba in improving depression and reducing sympathetic tone in depressed females; A Quasi experimental study." Journal of Complementary Medicine Research Online First: 26 Dec, 2020.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Mehreen Azeemi, Zaeema Ahmer, Meha Fatima Aftab. "Effectiveness of Maraqba in improving depression and reducing sympathetic tone in depressed females; A Quasi experimental study." Journal of Complementary Medicine Research Online First: 26 Dec, 2020. Web. 25 Apr 2022



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Mehreen Azeemi, Zaeema Ahmer, Meha Fatima Aftab (0) Effectiveness of Maraqba in improving depression and reducing sympathetic tone in depressed females; A Quasi experimental study. Journal of Complementary Medicine Research, Online First: 26 Dec, 2020.