E-ISSN 2577-5669
 

Original Research 


Survey of Zoological Materials Used in Traditional Medicine in Sabon Gari and Zaria Local Government Areas, Kaduna State, Nigeria

Salome K Timothy, Danmalam U Habib, Ayeni E. Ayodeji.

Abstract
Background/Aim: Animals and their derivative products constitute essential ingredients in the preparation of drugs used in traditional medicine. Their utilization and practices continue to receive high patronage from all works of lives among developing countries with little or no comprehensive health assurance coverage. The aim of this study is to document some zoological materials used as medicine in Sabon Gari and Zaria Local Government Areas, Kaduna State, Nigeria.
Methods: In-depth survey was used to document some ethnozoological materials in the study areas. Seventy-one (71) herbal and traditional medicinal practitioners were interview in Hausa language using semi-structured and key respondent interview approached.
Results: The findings showed that the respondents were above 18 years of age and claimed that the ethnozoological usages of some animals and derived parts such as giant African snail shell, Iguana lizard, rock Python, Peacock, African Elephant etc. were inherited from their parent and grandparent. Twenty (20) animal species with their ethnomedicinal uses, Hausa names, parts used and the photographs of readily available animal parts have been documented. The results showed that some animal parts or products are used in the treatments of snake bites, hypertension, ulcer, pain, aches, cold and respiratory diseases. Their ethnomedical practices as protection from night mare, ability to tame wayward women, worn for shield and strength and tendencies to prevent promiscuity are some significant findings in the study.
Conclusion: The findings showed the rich ethnozoological materials usages of Sabon Gari and Zaria Local Government Areas (Kaduna State) for indigenous medicinal purposes towards meeting and complementing their primary health care system and with the hope that further work will be conducted to evaluate their safety and therapeutic profiles.

Key words: Zootherapy; Ethnomedicine; Herbal and Traditional practitioners; Kaduna State (Nigeria)


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Timothy SK, Habib DU, Ayodeji AE. Survey of Zoological Materials Used in Traditional Medicine in Sabon Gari and Zaria Local Government Areas, Kaduna State, Nigeria. J Complement Med Res. 2018; 8(1): 32-39. doi:10.5455/jcmr.20180329091359


Web Style

Timothy SK, Habib DU, Ayodeji AE. Survey of Zoological Materials Used in Traditional Medicine in Sabon Gari and Zaria Local Government Areas, Kaduna State, Nigeria. http://www.jocmr.com/?mno=293126 [Access: June 21, 2018]. doi:10.5455/jcmr.20180329091359


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Timothy SK, Habib DU, Ayodeji AE. Survey of Zoological Materials Used in Traditional Medicine in Sabon Gari and Zaria Local Government Areas, Kaduna State, Nigeria. J Complement Med Res. 2018; 8(1): 32-39. doi:10.5455/jcmr.20180329091359



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Timothy SK, Habib DU, Ayodeji AE. Survey of Zoological Materials Used in Traditional Medicine in Sabon Gari and Zaria Local Government Areas, Kaduna State, Nigeria. J Complement Med Res. (2018), [cited June 21, 2018]; 8(1): 32-39. doi:10.5455/jcmr.20180329091359



Harvard Style

Timothy, S. K., Habib, D. U. & Ayodeji, A. E. (2018) Survey of Zoological Materials Used in Traditional Medicine in Sabon Gari and Zaria Local Government Areas, Kaduna State, Nigeria. J Complement Med Res, 8 (1), 32-39. doi:10.5455/jcmr.20180329091359



Turabian Style

Timothy, Salome K, Danmalam U Habib, and Ayeni E. Ayodeji. 2018. Survey of Zoological Materials Used in Traditional Medicine in Sabon Gari and Zaria Local Government Areas, Kaduna State, Nigeria. Journal of Complementary Medicine Research, 8 (1), 32-39. doi:10.5455/jcmr.20180329091359



Chicago Style

Timothy, Salome K, Danmalam U Habib, and Ayeni E. Ayodeji. "Survey of Zoological Materials Used in Traditional Medicine in Sabon Gari and Zaria Local Government Areas, Kaduna State, Nigeria." Journal of Complementary Medicine Research 8 (2018), 32-39. doi:10.5455/jcmr.20180329091359



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Timothy, Salome K, Danmalam U Habib, and Ayeni E. Ayodeji. "Survey of Zoological Materials Used in Traditional Medicine in Sabon Gari and Zaria Local Government Areas, Kaduna State, Nigeria." Journal of Complementary Medicine Research 8.1 (2018), 32-39. Print. doi:10.5455/jcmr.20180329091359



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Timothy, S. K., Habib, D. U. & Ayodeji, A. E. (2018) Survey of Zoological Materials Used in Traditional Medicine in Sabon Gari and Zaria Local Government Areas, Kaduna State, Nigeria. Journal of Complementary Medicine Research, 8 (1), 32-39. doi:10.5455/jcmr.20180329091359